Pervasive healthcare is emerging research discipline, focusing on the development and application
of pervasive and ubiquitous computing technology for healthcare purposes.
Pervasive healthcare seeks to accommodate the growing need for healthcare arising from a number of factors,
including the increase in life-style and chronic diseases, the increased complexity of large healthcare organizations,
providing healtcare services in rural and underserved areas worldwide, and enabling patients and relatives
engage more closely in self-care and treatment.
Pervasive healthcare may be defined from two perspectives.
First, it is the development and application of pervasive computing (or ubiquitous computing, ambient intelligence)
technologies for healthcare, health and wellness management. Second, it seeks to make healthcare available to anyone, anytime,
and anywhere by removing locational, time and other restraints while increasing both the coverage and quality of healthcare.
The broad definition includes prevention, healthcare maintenance and
checkups, short-term monitoring (or home healthcare monitoring),
long-term monitoring (nursing home), personalized healthcare
monitoring, incidence detection and management, and, emergency intervention, transportation and treatment.
With increasing cost of healthcare services and an exponential increase in
the number of seniors and retirees in developed countries have created
several major challenges for policy makers, healthcare providers,
hospitals, insurance companies and patients. Pervasive healthcare is
considered a solution to many of these problems as well as a possible
future of healthcare services.
To make the vision of pervasive healthcare a reality, there are many
serious challenges that must be addressed including lack of comprehensive
coverage of wireless and mobile networks, reliability of wireless
infrastructure, general limitations of hand-held devices, medical
usability of sensors and mobile devices, interference with
other medical devices, privacy and security, payment and many
management issues in pervasive healthcare. In the proposed
conference, most of the challenges in pervasive healthcare can be
covered in three main areas: mobile and wireless technologies for
pervasive healthcare, medical aspects of pervasive healthcare, and
management of pervasive healthcare.